- During the revolution of 1789, the September Massacres were summary executions that took place between September 2 and 6, 1792 in Paris (in the Abbaye prison, at the Bernardins, at Bitêtre, at the Carmes, at Châtlet, at the Conciergerie, and at la Salpêtrière) and in several provincial cities. With the suspension of the monarchy in August 1, 1792, the threat of an aristocratic conspiracy again haunted the revolutionaries at the same time that there was the danger of a foreign invasion. After the surrender of Longwy (August 25) and then of Verdun (September 2) to the Prussians, the insurrectional Commune issued a proclamation to the Parisians sounding the alarm and raising volunteers. it was in this atmosphere of general excitement that popular rage exploded, that the authorities (in particular georges danton), could not calm, and the certain revolutionary leaders, like jean-paul marat, undoubtedly incited by appealing to the people to themselves take justice on their enemies. More than 1,200 detainees were massacred in Paris: refractory priests, nobles, but also simple prisoners who were held for ordinary offenses. The September Massacres, which mark the beginning of the terror, meant for many a struggle for liberty.
France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.
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